Oral Health and Gum disease

Oral Health and Gum disease

Posted by Dr. Abeyta on Oct 19 2010, 12:42 PM

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is caused by plaque buildup, which is a sticky film of bacteria. If not properly removed, this dental plaque can irritate the gums and lead to infection. Gum disease is an infection in the gums that can cause bleeding, redness, and tenderness. Over time, gum disease can cause loose teeth, gum recession, and even tooth loss.

Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque on your teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance made of bacteria, food, and saliva. Over time, plaque hardens into tartar. Bacteria cause inflammation of the gums around your teeth, called gingivitis. Gingivitis can show symptoms such as red, swollen gums that bleed easily. Gum disease can lead to tooth loss and jawbone deterioration.

Gum disease is an infection that affects the gum tissue and the bone that supports the teeth. At-home oral hygiene, such as daily brushing and flossing, can help prevent gum disease. If gum disease is caught early, treatment is likely to be less invasive and less expensive. If left untreated, the gums can become irritated, swollen, and bleed easily. If this occurs, you may be referred to a periodontist for care.

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